Protecting your property investment includes checking that the gas and electrical appliance and installations are safe and legal. Unlike the Gas Safety Certificate, a landlord is not required by law to obtain an Electrical Safety Certificate.
However, in the event of an accident, an electrical inspection is an important part of ensuring the safety of your tenants.
If anything does go wrong - it will be helpful in providing proof that you have taken reasonable steps to ensure their safety.
The only way you can be absolutely sure that the electrics and gas services in a property are safe is to get them tested and certificated by a suitably qualified engineer.
Electrical certification should only be performed by an electrician registered with a regulated body such as the National Inspection Council for Electrical Installers and Contractors (NICEIC) The gas safety certification should only be done by a Gas safe registered engineer.
Landlords : Electrical Safety Check & Appliance Testing
- Electrical appliance testing and inspection for appliances provided to the tenant.
- A visual and functional inspection of the electrical installation.
- Establish if the correct protective bonding conductors are present.
- The circuits on the consumer unit to be listed.
- An earth fault loop impedance test on a sample of sockets throughout the property. The highest result from this sample is to be recorded.
- A functional test of the RCD.
- An assessment of the visual condition of the consumer unit.
Landlords : Gas Safety Check & Appliance Testing
- A full and comprehensive report of your gas installation and applliances.
- A check for any presence of gas leaks (Most companies will only check the appliances, we check the whole gas pipework system!)
- A flue gas analyser test checking for poisonous carbon monoxide gases, including a printed copy of the results.
- A visual inspection of any exposed gas supply pipework.
- Check for equipotential earth bonding at the meter.
- A functional check of all the gas appliances and their safety devices.
- A visual inspection of flues and ventilations/air vents.
- Testing of Carbon monoxide alarm (when fitted)
- CP12 certificate produced (landlords gas safety record)
Who is a Landlord?
In relation to domestic gas under the Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998 (GS(IU)R 98), a landlord is anyone who rents out a property that they own under a lease that is shorter than 7 years or under a licence . Regardless of whether you are a landlord under GS(IU)R 98 you may be considered a landlord under other related legislation.
Landlords’ duties apply to a wide range of accommodation, occupied under a lease or licence , which includes, but not exclusively:
What are my duties as a landlord in relation to gas safety?
You have duties under the Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998 to arrange maintenance by a gas safe registered installer for all pipe work, appliances and flues, which you own and have provided for your tenants use. You must also arrange for an annual gas safety check to be carried out every 12 months by a gas safe registered installer. You must keep a record of the safety check for 2 years and issue a copy to each existing tenant within 28 days of the check being completed and issue a copy to any new tenants before they move in.
What are my duties as a letting/ management agent in relation to gas safety?
Landlords who use agents to manage properties need to ensure that the management contract clearly specifies who is responsible for carrying out the maintenance and safety check duties, and keeping associated records. If the contract specifies that the agent has responsibility then the same duties under the Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998 that apply to a landlord apply to you.
In this situation an agent must arrange maintenance by a Gas safe registered installer for all pipe work, appliances and flues, which the landlord owns and provides for the tenants use. You must also arrange for an annual gas safety check to be carried out every 12 months by a Gas safe registered installer. You must keep a record of the safety check for 2 years and issue a copy to each existing tenant within 28 days of the check being completed and issue a copy to any new tenants before they move in.
Do I need a Gas safe registered installer?
Yes. The Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations state that landlords must only use a Gas safe registered installer for maintenance and safety checks on gas equipment they own and provide for tenants use in domestic premises. You must check that the Gas safe registered installer is competent to work in that specific area of gas. This is clearly marked on the back of the installer’s Gas safe registration card. If in any doubt you can ring Gas safe or check their website to see if the installer is registered.
Should I provide my tenants with a carbon monoxide (CO) alarm?
MasterGas Home Ltd strongly recommends the use of CO alarms as one useful precaution to give tenants advance warning of CO in the property. Importantly alarms should not be regarded as a replacement for regular maintenance and safety checks by a Gas safe registered installer. CO alarms cost between £20-£30 and can be purchased in most hardware shops. Before purchasing a CO alarm, always ensure it complies with British Standard EN 50291 and carries a British or European approval mark, such as a Kitemark. CO alarms should be installed and maintained in line with the manufacturer’s instructions.
What gas appliances do I have responsibilities for?
Any gas appliance that you own and provide for the tenant’s use is included in your legal duties. If a tenant has their own gas appliance that you have not provided, then you have responsibilities for parts of the associated installation and pipe work but not for the actual appliance.
There are some good practice measures that you could adopt with appliances that tenants own:
What checks should be done between tenancies?
You must visually check the property to see if the departing tenant has either removed appliances unsafely, or alternatively left behind their own appliance, which should either be removed or checked for safety by a Gas safe registered installer. The opportunity should be taken to clarify appliance ownership prior to renting the property again.
If you suspect that an appliance could have been tampered with, or there is the possibility of vandalism while a property remains empty, then MasterGas Home recommends you arrange for another gas safety check to be completed by a Gas safe registered installer before giving access to new tenants.
Before you re-let the property you need to ensure that all appliances are safe and have an up to date landlord's gas safety certificate (a copy of which needs to be given to the new tenant); it is also good practice to arrange for the pipe work to be inspected and tested for soundness.
How far do I need to go if the tenant prevents access for a gas safety check?
A landlord has to show that they took all reasonable steps to comply with the law. MasterGas Home Ltd recommends the following best practice in these circumstances and strongly advises that a record be kept of all correspondence with the tenants:
What should I do if my tenant’s heating and hot water has been switched off due to a gas safety check or maintenance?
If a gas appliance has been switched off by a Gas safe registered installer it is because it is unsafe and should not be used. No matter how inconvenient the situation is for the tenant such action helps to ensure their safety. If a heating appliance has been disconnected then you must provide your tenant with emergency heating, for more information on this contact your local authority whilst arranging for appropriate remedial work by a Gas safe registered installer.
Can I keep the Landlord's Gas Safety Certificates electronically?
Yes. So long as the electronic copy is:
A landlord or gas installer, with the landlord’s agreement, may send or give a copy of the electronic record directly to the tenant, providing the tenant is happy with this arrangement and has the ability to access it.
Can a room containing a gas appliance still be used as a bedroom?
Since 31 October 1998, any room converted to use as sleeping accommodation should not contain the following types of gas appliances:
If a room contains one or more of the above appliances and was used as a bedroom prior to 1998 then you will need to do a risk assessment to determine if it can still be used as a bedroom. If you are unsure of the safety of any gas appliance you should get a Gas safe registered installer to check it for you.
I have provided an LPG appliance for a property, does that need to be checked?
Yes, Landlord duties for LPG appliances are the same as for natural gas. The landlord must arrange maintenance by a Gas safe registered installer for all LPG appliances which they own and provide for tenants and have a Gas safe registered installer carry out a safety check carried out at least once every 12 months.
In addition to maintenance, there are some further safety precautions to take with LPG heaters:
What if I use a managing agent?
If a managing agent is used to help you meet your duties, make sure that the management contract clearly specifies who is to make the arrangements for maintenance and safety checks. MasterGas Home Ltd strongly advises that you request to see copies of the maintenance information and safety check from the management agency to ensure maintenance has been completed, which will also help to fulfill your other legal duties.
What if I have shared ownership of my property with another housing company?
If you have shared ownership of your property and the lease is for longer than 7 years the housing company does not have landlord’s duties under the Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998 (GS(IU)R 98). In this situation you would have the same responsibilities as a home owner.
In situations where a lease is shorter than 7 years then the housing company would be classified as a landlord under GS(IU)R 98. The contract between you and the housing company should clearly state who is responsible for the associated duties for domestic gas safety.
What if I break the regulations?
You are putting lives at risk and breaking the law. MasterGas Home Ltd gives gas safety a high priority and will take the appropriate action to ensure compliance with the regulations; this could result in a substantial fine and/or a custodial sentence.
How much will a landlord’s gas safety check cost?
Prices for a full gas safety check start from just £45.00. We are very competitive and will take care of your gas systems annually or as frequently as needed.
What should I do if I smell gas or I am concerned about the safety of any gas appliances?
It is illegal for anyone to use a gas appliance if they suspect it is unsafe. Turn the appliance off and do not touch it until it has been checked by a Gas safe registered installer.
MasterGas Home Ltd can provide you more information and answer any questions you have on the above points. We services many landlords throughout North London to ensure the gas safety is up to par and provide you with a certificate.
For more information click contact us or call us FREE on 0800 690 6165